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ousting of

A case of peripheralization

in Bhiwandi

The thesis is an enquiry into the peripheral zones of Mumbai - conditions of survival and the idea of marginality but it largely intends to focus on the socio-economic conditions of the periphery. It is an inquiry into the spatial infrastructure that assists the majority who have been displaced and abandoned due to neoliberal economic reforms.


Periphery (noun)
the outer limits or edge of an area

The peripheries of a city are geographically it’s edges into which the city is gradually expanding. They are usually the less developed portion of a city and far away from the more developed, ‘sophisticated’ and prettified core. 

Periphery (concept)

  • a marginal or secondary position in, or aspect of, a group, subject, or sphere of activity

  • of minor relevance or importance

  • seen as auxiliary: something that works in conjunction with something else, such as printer with computereen as auxiliary: something that works in conjunction with something else, such as printer with computer


A history

Bhiwandi is a city in the district of Thane and is located about 15km north-east of Thane. As a major centre for textiles and powerlooms in the country, Bhiwandi is called the Manchester of India. Yet the similarities very much end there.

Bhiwandi’s original inhabitants were the Kolis and the Konkans who practiced agriculture and farming before the 18th century. During the Mughal rule in the early 18th century the city became a famous port for spices. Till the beginning of the 20th century the occupations which were largely practiced were fishing, weaving and agriculture.


Factors for migration

The push and pull factor


  • Bhiwandi’s power loom industry does not require any special skill. It requires 10 to 15 days to train an individual to work in a power loom factory. This is one of the major reason for migration to Bhiwandi from the rural parts of India.

  • Other major cause of migration to Bhiwandi is social networks which are based on social relations like kinship, friendship, and relatives etc. to get a job.


  • Lack of  opportunities in rural villages  of India voluntarily force people out of their hometowns in search for higher income jobs.

  • Most of the migrant workers are from Uttar Pradesh and Bihar who are landless or have small piece of land which is not enough for a family to survive.

  • A large number of workers who work in Bhiwandi’s Powerloom industry use to work as handloom weavers. After shutting down of handloom industry many workers migrated to work in powerloom industry.

Diagram of rural urban relationship.png

The power loom industry and its formal and informal networks 


The migrants and their informal networks 


Short stories



#2 (Image of the user was not added for confidentiality)


#3 (Image of the user was not added for confidentiality)


#4 (Image of the user was not added for confidentiality)


Space of work

Powerloom axo.jpg

Space of live

House 3d.jpg

Architectural Intervention

Program statement

Program Statement.png

Users on site and footfall


g floor.jpg

Ground floor plan

1 floor.jpg

First floor plan

3 floor.jpg

Third floor plan

2 floor.jpg

Second floor plan

Fourth floor plan


Section a small.jpg

Section AA'

Section BB'

Section CC'

Section DD'


structure axo.jpg

Facade system

facade 3D.jpg

Wall section

Wall Section.jpg


Steel staircase attaching to shear wall

Steel concrete beam.jpg

Joinery between steel and RCC beam


Skylight detail


Joinery between tread and stringer beam

Paver blocks.jpg

Paver blocks 


Joinery of the skin system


Roof top amphitheatre

Creche mound.jpg

Mound of the creche

Synthesis drawing

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